Physician assistant education is based on the medical model. PA training is usually two years in duration, completed through an accredited program by the "Accreditation Review Commission on Education for Physician Assistants." The curriculum includes medical school type courses such as anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathophysiology, hematology, clinical medicine, and physical diagnosis to name a few. It also includes a year of clinical rotations that include areas of internal medicine, family medicine, surgery, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, emergency medicine, geriatric medicine, and electives. There are a several postgraduate training experiences in some specialties that included emergency medicine, orthopedic surgery, as well as others. Most PAs do not participate in such residency programs nor are such programs required to practice in those areas.
Upon completion of their program the PA, the PA will take a NCCPA national certifying exam (PANCE) exam. PAs must maintain their education through continuing medical education. This is often on a state by state basis. In Oklahoma we require 20 hours of CME including one hour of substance abuse lecture. This is reported annually from them to maintain their license. They also must pass the initial PANCE certification by the NCCPA. Many states as well as facilities within Oklahoma require the PA maintain their NCCPA certification which includes different amounts and kinds of continuing education.